When choosing from a myriad courses to study for many international students, the most crucial part of a degree is whether it opens avenues in terms of finding a lucrative job. STEM education is a collection of all the courses that fall under the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Since the subjects one learns under each of these fields are somehow interrelated and require a similar educational background, they are collectively called STEM. STEM courses have been gaining an extensive universal traction over the past decade. A-list universities at every conventional study abroad destinations are offering a multitude of STEM courses.
Here are just some of the top STEM courses one can consider:
1. Mathematics & Statistics
Majoring in Mathematics or Statistics can land you a 6 figure job right out of college. A Math's and Statistics degree is one of the most versatile you can get to attract high paying employability opportunities. Mathematics is a global language, making statistics an excellent subject to study anywhere in the world.
Mathematics and Statistics can be studied at Associate, Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctorate levels across the world. Some institutions also offer a BMath degree apart from regular BA or Bsc.
Transferable skills in problem-solving, teamwork, and presentation, offer endless career prospects like Data Analyst, Market Researcher, Investment Banker, etc.
2. Data Science
Data science is a surfacing line of subject that combines statistics, mathematics and computer science. As data is gaining more value to businesses globally, internationally skilled professionals are highly sought after.
Data science can be studied at an undergraduate level as a BSc for three or four years. Postgraduate degrees last from one to two years and Doctorate level studies take additional five years for completion.
Several roles that data science graduates take up include: Data engineer, Database Administrator, Data Scientist, Business Analyst, etc.
3. Actuarial Science
Actuarial science is a discipline of STEM that uses mathematical and statistical theories to calculate, quantify, and manage risk across various sectors like insurance, commerce, and government.
Actuarial science can be pursued as a BSc over a minimum of three years. Most programs have an integrated sandwich year between the second and final years for hands-on industry experience. Therefore, Bachelor’s degrees last about four years. A Master’s degree usually requires one year (full-time), or two years (part time). A PhD can take anywhere between four and seven years to complete.
Actuarial science graduates go on to find success in an array of professions like: Actuary, Insurance Underwriter, Stockbroker, Financial Advisor, etc.
4. Cyber Security
Cyber attacks pose a huge threat to national security. Cyber security programs have been drafted to prevent cybercrime. Building secure software, safely sending and storing data, monitoring the activity of cyber terrorists, and resolving attacks are a few major learnings of the course.
Undergraduate programs are usually offered as a BSc and last a minimum of three years with an additional 12 month placement. MSc can be completed within a year, but can be studied part time over two years. Research-based PhD generally require further five or six years of study.
Some of the most popular roles amongst cyber security graduates are: Cyber Security Engineer, Network Security Administrator, Information Security Officer, Secure Software Developer, Threat Analyst, etc.
5. Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum Engineering describes the extraction of oil and gas from below the earth’s crust. The program generally clubs theoretical lectures, seminars, and tutorials with practical laboratories, group workshops, and field trips.
Bachelor’s degrees are offered as three or four-year BEng programs. One may enroll in a four-year integrated MEng program or go on to pursue a Master’s degree separately over one or two years. Doctorate level degrees generally add a further four to six years.
As a petroleum engineering graduate, one can explore the following job prospects: Petroleum Geologist, Reservoir Engineer, Production Technologist, Environmental Advisor, etc.
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